Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and attention deficit disorder (ADD) refer to a range of problem behaviours associated with poor attention span. These may include impulsiveness, restlessness and hyperactivity, as well as inattentiveness, and often prevent children from learning and socializing well. ADHD is sometimes referred to as hyper kinetic disorder.
Symptoms of ADHD
Attention difficulties :
A child must have exhibited at least six of the following symptoms for at least three months to an extent that is unusual for their age and level of intelligence:
- Fails to pay close attention to detail or makes careless errors during work or play.
- Fails to finish tasks or sustain attention in play activities.
- Seems not to listen to what is said to him or her.
- Fails to follow through instructions or to finish homework (not because of confrontational behaviour or failure to understand instructions).
- Disorganized about tasks and activities.
- Avoids tasks like homework that require sustained mental effort.
- Loses things necessary for certain tasks or activities, such as pencils, books or toys.
- Easily distracted.
- Forgetful in the course of daily activities.
A child must have exhibited at least three of the following symptoms for at least three months to an extent that is unusual for their age and level of intelligence.
- Runs around or excessively climbs over things. (In adolescents or adults only feelings of restlessness may occur.)
- Unduly noisy in playing, or has difficulty in engaging in quiet leisure activities.
- Leaves seat in classroom or in other situations where remaining seated is expected.
- Fidgets with hands or feet or squirms on seat.
At least one of the following symptoms must have persisted at least for three months to an extent that is unusual for their age and level of intelligence:
- Blurts out answers before the questions have been completed.
- Fails to wait in lines or wait turns in games or group situations.
- Interrupts or intrudes on others, likes to jump into others conversations or games.
- Talks excessively without appropriate response to social restraint.
ADHD or Others causes
- Epileptic seizures can cause a child to become drowsy, impairing their attention.
- Epilepsy can also cause unusual behaviour and lead to abnormal perceptions.
- Hearing problems such as deafness or glue ear can make it hard for a child to follow instructions and make them appear inattentive.
- Reading problems, making it hard to complete tasks or follow instructions.
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder leads to people following strange rituals that preoccupy their thoughts and distract their attention.
- Tourette's syndrome involves repetitive, involuntary jerking movements of the body and sudden outbursts of noise or swearing.
- Autism and Asperger's syndrome often lead to difficulties in understanding and using language.
- Prolonged periods of insufficient sleep, causing poor concentration.
Some children may be very active or be easily distracted or have difficulty concentrating. If these behaviours are relatively mild, they should not be considered a disorder.
Others difficulties that occurs alongside ADHD
ADHD often occurs alongside other difficulties and is not the sole cause of problem behaviour. Children may exhibit temper tantrums, sleep disorders, and be clumsy. Other behavioural problems that occur with ADHD include:
- Confrontational defiant behaviour, which occurs in most of these kids. The child loses their temper, argues and refuses to comply with adults and deliberately annoys others.
- Conduct disorders occur in at least 25 per cent of children. The child may be destructive or show deceitful behaviour such as lying, breaking rules and stealing.
- Specific learning difficulties, including dyslexia, occur in 25-30 per cent of children.
- Severe clinical depression occurs in about 30 per cent of children.
- Anxiety disorders occur in 30 per cent of children.
What causes ADHD?
Temperamental, as this contributes to their attitude and personality. Twins suggest a genetic link to ADHD. In 80-90 per cent of identical twins where one has ADHD so does the other. Recent research also suggests there is a greater chance of inheriting the condition from male relatives such as grandfathers and uncles.
Brain injuries due to birth trauma or pre-birth problems. The brain structures believed to be linked to the development of ADHD are vulnerable to hypoxic damage during birth. The damage is caused by inadequate oxygen (QI flow) reaching parts of the brain while blood flow is reduced.
Observations to the assessment of a child with possible ADHD. There is no single diagnostic test for ADHD so different sorts of information needs to be gathered, such as the following:
History of symptoms the precise nature of the difficulties, when they were first noticed, in what situations they occur, factors that exacerbate or relieve them.
Risk factors that could predispose the child to ADHD include difficulties and risks in pregnancy and during birth, for example if the mother was in poor health, very young or drank alcohol or smoked or had an extended or complicated labor.
Several medical conditions are known to be associated with ADHD. These include fragile-X syndrome, fetal alcohol syndrome, G6PD deficiency, phenylketonuria and generalized resistance to thyroid hormone.
Accidents, operations and chronic medical conditions such as epilepsy, asthma and heart, liver and kidney disorders all need to be taken in to account. Also of possible relevance is any medication the child is taking, as well as any adverse reactions they have had to medication in the past.
Past psychiatric history:
Enquiring about any mental health problems the child has had can help rule out depression or anxiety being behind the symptoms.
This means the level of their ability and what specific difficulties they have, how they function within their peer group and get on with teachers, and any behaviour difficulties such as suspensions or exclusions.
The mental and physical health of the child's parents and other family members can be relevant, particularly regarding the incidence of ADHD or depression. Less then 1% ahs the family history but this is one of the research database.
The family's social circumstances, such as housing, poverty, and social support may all have an impact on the child's behaviour. Less then 4 % has this problem but it should be taken into consideration.
What treatment is available for ADHD?
There is NO straight treatment in the western way excepts general guidelines to manage a child's problematic behaviour. Only in Acupuncture and Herbal Treatment Centre in KL has developed a NEURO treatment for these special kids. It is with CHINESE MASTER'S NEURO Acupuncture and Special Neuro Herbal Powder.
During the treatment they will guild the parents in what to do and what not. It will help to re-aline your kid and get them out of their own world of autism. Getting it done once and for all time for them .You can start by taking our special brain powder first if you cannot come immediately and then when you decided to come then they can help you to arrange for your accommodations and others. Please book for your appointment in advance because there are many kids here doing their intensive treatment from all over the world.
The below picture was the famous NEWS in most News Paper during November 1987 until 1988, its about a boy name Richard who has a rare disease that makes him jump, walk and act like a robot. Being hospitalized in 3 major hospitals in Malaysia then cured by our WORLD FIRST CLASS PHYSICIAN MASTER .
Life demonstrating Neuro Acupuncture done by Chinese Master in front of the major news reporters.
Being one in a million case of Slow, rare developing cerebral palsy, brain damage of the Qi flow in the brain. Obstruction of the Qi flow could then be revitalize by our CHINESE MASTER'S Neuro Qi Qong Acupuncture done by Chinese Master.